Serverless: A Strong Contender for Modern Web Applications

Abiodun Ajayi
3 min readApr 21, 2024

In the past, developers used virtual machines and containers for software development. These allowed developers to focus more on the development of applications, and less on hardware. But configuration and management duties still rested on them. These slowed down the development process. This led to the introduction of serverless architecture.

What is Serverless Architecture?

Serverless architecture is a cloud computing model that allows developers to run code without the need to manage servers. It abstracts away the complexity of backend development and lets developers concentrate on the frontend logic and user experience.

Benefits of serverless

  1. No need for a server: Serverless architecture eliminates the need to set up, configure, maintain, or update servers, databases, or frameworks. Developers can write code in their preferred language and deploy it to the cloud with a few clicks.

2. Performance: Serverless architecture improves the performance of fronted applications. This is achieved through a reduction in latency and bandwidth consumption. To achieve this, serverless functions are run on-demand and scaled automatically to handle traffic. In addition, serverless runs close to the edge of the network, enabling faster responses.

3. Cost-efficiency: Serverless architecture reduces the cost of frontend development by eliminating the need to pay for idle or underutilized servers. Serverless functions only charge for the computing time and resources used, which means developers only pay for what they use. Serverless architecture also reduces the operational costs of monitoring, debugging, and troubleshooting backend issues.

4. Scalability: Serverless architecture enables frontend applications to scale seamlessly and handle unpredictable spikes in demand. Serverless functions can handle millions of concurrent requests without any downtime or degradation in performance. Serverless architecture also allows developers to scale their applications globally without any additional effort or configuration.

Challenges and Limitations of Serverless Architecture

  1. Cold starts: Cold starts can significantly slow down your serverless application, causing frustrating delays for your users. But don’t worry, there are ways to mitigate this issue. To reduce the impact of cold starts, schedule regular invocations of your serverless functions to keep them warm and ready for incoming requests. Implement caching mechanisms to reduce the load on your serverless functions and minimize the need for repeated computations. Also, you can use dedicated instances or reserved instances for your serverless functions to ensure consistent performance and reduce cold starts.

2. Debugging: Debugging serverless functions can be a hassle due to the lack of visibility and control over the execution environment. Developers can use tools such as logging, tracing, testing, or monitoring to debug serverless functions. Developers can also use local development environments or emulators to simulate serverless functions on their machines.



Abiodun Ajayi

Abiodun Ajayi has more than 6 years of experience in Security and IT architecture. He consults and helps form strategies, perform project feasibility studies.